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- Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
- Trauma, PTSD and Dissociation - Getting it Right **RECORDING** - GreenWood Mentors
Feeling as though the world is distorted or not real. Having problems remembering things, and having gaps in your memory losing time. Sudden and unexpected shifts in mood, eg, feeling very sad for no reason. Hearing voices, or smelling or seeing things that only you can see or smell.
Feeling as though there are different people inside you.
- How the doctor determines if you have DID (diagnosis)!
- Understanding Dissociation and When It Becomes Problematic;
- Signs to look for (symptoms).
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- Dissociation and dissociative disorders.
Being unable to recognise yourself in a mirror. Significant memory lapses such as forgetting important personal information. Not recognising places or people that others think you should. How the doctor determines if you have DID diagnosis DID can be difficult to diagnose as any signs and symptoms identified during routine mental health assessments eg, for depression, anxiety, insomnia, self-harming, hearing voices are common to other mental health problems.
Treatment options Treatment of DID can involve a number of aspects, each of which can be tailored to your individual need. Treatment options include: Medication There is no specific medications to help DID, but your doctor may prescribe medication to help with other symptoms, such as not being able to sleep, or anxiety or depression. If you are prescribed medication you are entitled to know: the names of the medicines what symptoms they are supposed to treat how long it will be before they take effect how long you will have to take them for and what their side effects short and long-term are.
Talking therapies These are the therapies most recommended for DID. Complementary therapies The term complementary therapy is generally used to indicate therapies and treatments that differ from conventional western medicine and that may be used to complement and support it. Sometimes the person with DID finds it difficult to explain to others how hard it is for them, or they may have trouble understanding what is happening to them and their behaviour.
Listen with acceptance and understanding to whatever your loved one chooses to share. Also remember to talk to them in a way that makes sense to the person in front of you. Help the person to recognise stress and find ways of coping with it. This may include helping to solve problems that are worrying them. Find ways of getting time out for yourself and feeling okay about this. It is critical to do what is needed to maintain your own wellbeing. Be cautious about touching and intimacy — ask the person what is OK.
Get support for this immediately. Thanks to Janet Peters, registered psychologist for reviewing this content. A systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled treatment trials of metacognitive therapy for anxiety disorders. J Res Med Sci. Efficacy of group psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder: A meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials.
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PLoS One. Psychotherapy, antidepressants, and their combination for chronic major depressive disorder: a systematic review. Can J Psychiatry. Residual symptoms and functionality in depressed outpatients: a one-year observational study in Switzerland with escitalopram. J Affect Disord. Treatment-resistant depression: definitions, review of the evidence, and algorithmic approach. Association between childhood trauma and dissociation among patients with borderline personality disorder.
Predicting the therapeutic response to cognitive behavioral therapy in patients with the pharmacoresistant obsessive-compulsive disorder. Neuroendocrinol Lett. Relationship between internalized stigma and treatment efficacy in the mixed neurotic spectrum and depressive disorders. Neuro Endocrinol Lett. The dissociative experiences of borderline patients. Compr Psychiatry. Spiegel D, editor. Orne MT. The nature of hypnosis: artifact and essence. J Abnorm Psychol. Spiegel H, Spiegel D. Trance and Treatment: Clinical Uses of Hypnosis.
Maldonado J, Spiegel D. Trauma, dissociation, and hypnotizability. In: Marmar R, Bremner D, editors. Trauma, Memory, and Dissociation. Psychological Trauma and the Adult Survivor. Putnam FW. Traumatic stress and pathological dissociation. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Bremner JD, Brett E. Trauma-related dissociative states and long-term psychopathology in posttraumatic stress disorder.
J Trauma Stress. Ahrens CE, Aldana E. J Trauma Dissociation. Treatment of post traumatic stress disorder. In: Lynn S, Rhue J, editors. Dissociation: Clinical, Theoretical, and Research Perspectives. Draijer N, Langeland W. Childhood trauma and perceived parental dysfunction in the etiology of dissociative symptoms in psychiatric inpatients. Am J Psychiatry. The role of childhood interpersonal trauma in depersonalization disorder.
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Roy A. Childhood trauma and neuroticism as an adult: possible implication for the development of the common psychiatric disorders and suicidal behavior. Psychol Med. The impact of early life stress on psychophysiological, personality and behavioral measures in non-clinical subjects. J Integr Neurosci. Gene-by-environment serotonin transporter and childhood maltreatment interaction for anxiety sensitivity, an intermediate phenotype for anxiety disorders. Epstein S.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
The self-concept, the traumatic neurosis, and the structure of personality. Perspectives in Personality. London: Jessica Kingsley; — Tyrer P, Davidson K. Management of personality disorder. New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press; — Perry JC, Bond M. Empirical studies of psychotherapy for personality disorders.
Influence of personality disorder on the treatment of panic disorder — comparison study. Is there any influence of personality disorder on the short term intensive group cognitive behavioral therapy for social phobia? Therapeutic response to complex cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological treatment in patients with social phobia. Act Nerv Super Rediviva. Predictors of therapeutic response in patients with panic disorder identified by demographic and clinical data.
Psychosocial aspects of resistance in complex treatment of depressive disorder. Chronic depression and comorbid personality disorders: response to sertraline versus imipramine. Efficacy of pharmacotherapy in depressed patients with and without personality disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Severity and duration of depression, not personality factors, predict short term outcome in the treatment of major depression. Select comorbid personality disorders and the treatment of chronic depression with nefazodone, targeted psychotherapy, or their combination.
Cluster a personality disorder: a marker of worse treatment outcome of major depression?
Psychiatry Res. Personality and differential treatment response in major depression: a randomized controlled trial comparing cognitive-behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy. The role of personality pathology in depression treatment outcome with psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. Personality and outcome in depression: an month prospective follow-up study. Galione J, Zimmerman M. A comparison of depressed patients with and without borderline personality disorder: implications for interpreting studies of the validity of the bipolar spectrum.
J Pers Disord. Panic disorder, autonomic nervous system and dissociation — changes during therapy. Factor structure, concurrent validity, and internal consistency of the beck depression inventory — second edition in a sample of college students. Preiss M, Vacir K. Brno: Psychodiagnostika; Guy W, editor. Evaluation of the Clinical global impression scale among individuals with social anxiety disorder.
An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. Assessing the reliability of the Beck Anxiety Inventory scores.
Trauma, PTSD and Dissociation - Getting it Right **RECORDING** - GreenWood Mentors
Educ Psychol Meas. Psychometric properties of the Czech version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory — comparison between diagnostic groups. The relative efficacy of buspirone, imipramine and placebo in panic disorder: a preliminary report. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. Sheehan DV. Sheehan Patient-Related Anxiety Scale. Validation of two anxiety scales in a university primary care clinic. Psychosom Med. Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale. J Nerv Ment Dis. All that is discussed in your therapy sessions will be treated as confidential, with the following exceptions.
We are required to seek supervision by our professional body The British Psychological Society or equivalent as a means of ensuring good practice. We will usually inform your referrer of your progress, but the details that we disclose will be discussed with you. We do have a statutory obligation to break confidentiality under rare circumstances, namely, if we believe that a client is of danger to themselves or to others under the Mental Health Act, or if we believe that a child is at actual risk of physical or sexual abuse The Children Act, Section 47, If we felt that it would be helpful to request additional medical, social or legal information, we could only do this with your consent.
Similarly, should another medical, social or legal professional request information from us, we would not release this without your consent. OCTC makes every effort to ensure that this programme is delivered as advertised. However, should a presenter have to cancel, we will endeavour to find another suitable presenter. We will inform attendees as soon as is reasonably practical and, if requested, will offer a refund. In the rare event that we are unable to substitute a presenter, we may cancel a workshop and refund payments already made by attendees.
OCTC will not refund travel and accommodation costs that attendees may incur. All the workshops in this programme are carried out by highly experienced therapists and trainers. The individual presenter is responsible for the content of the workshop and any views expressed do not necessarily represent those of OCTC.